Students ages 7 and under should focus on the definitions labeled for children.  All other students, study those definitions labeled “Adult.”

Student Oath

I shall observe the tenets of Tae Kwon Do.

I shall respect instructors and seniors.

I shall never misuse Tae Kwon Do.

I will be a champion for freedom and justice.

I will build a more peaceful world.

Tenants of Taekwondo





Indomitable Spirit

Concepts of Power

1) Stance

2) Hip

3) Reaction Force

4) Focus

5) Timing

6) Geometric Design

7) Range of Motion

8) Relative Muscular Strength

9) Breath Control

10) Accuracy

11) Attitude

12) Automatic Reflex

Belt Meanings - Children

White: Innocence.

Yellow: The sun as it shines down on the earth.

Green: The plant’s growth.

Blue: The plant maturing as a tree.

Red: Danger, the student should exercise control.

Black: Opposite of white, showing good skills in Taekwondo. It also shows that the person is not afraid.

Belt Meanings - Adult

White: Signifies innocence, as that of a beginning student who has no previous Knowledge of Taekwondo.

Yellow: Signifies the sun as it shines down on the earth from which a plant sprouts and takes root as the Taekwondo foundation is laid.

Green: Signifies the plant’s growth as the Taekwondo skill begins to develop.

Blue: Signifies the heavens toward which the plant matures into a towering tree as training in Taekwondo progresses.

Red: Signifies danger, cautioning the student to exercise control and warning the opponent to stay away.

Black: Opposite of white, therefore signifying the maturity and proficiency in Taekwondo. It also indicates the wearer’s imperviousness to darkness and fear.

Choong-Sil Purpose

Song Song – Imagination
Yong Gom – Inspiration
Hyun Sil – Actualization
Sil Hyun – Realization

Choong-Sil Philosophy - Children

The purpose of Choong-Sil Kwan Tae Kwon Do is “Constant and Never Ending Improvement”

– Imagination SongSong 30 movements – white and yellow

– Inspiration Yong Gom 40 movements – green and blue

– Actualization Hyun Sil 50 movements – red and 1st degree

– Realization Sil Hyun 60 movements – 2nd degree and above

Choong-Sil Philosophy - Adults

The purpose of Choong-Sil Kwan Tae Kwon Do is to develop an individual’s mental and physical well being through a highly stylized and deliberate method of rigorous martial arts training. The result of this training is an empowering sense of self-worth, and the ability to control one’s physical state and personal destiny.

The student is guided through four stages of philosophical development:

  1. Imagination SongSong 30 movements – white and yellow
  2. Inspiration Yong Gom 40 movements – green and blue
  3. Actualization Hyun Sil 50 movements – red and 1st degree
  4. Realization Sil Hyun 60 movements – 2nd degree and above

* In the initial stage of philosophical development, students must use their imagination to set goals beyond their current limitations and, from this, visualize their achievements in advance. This, in turn, strengthens their belief system to the point that specific goals are possible and obtainable.

* With goals firmly in mind, the students must learn to inspire themselves into action, as they develop a sense of self-worth. Without this, one may never strive for success as they may feel that they do not deserve the rewards that accompany achievement.

* Actualization is taking the first step and entering into the process of the work and reward system. The development of a strong work ethic is the most important element in this philosophy. Even the most average of people can achieve excellence with a positive work habit.

* Realization refers to the attainment of one’s goals. Upon reaching these achievements, new privileges are merited as new goals are recognized. This process perpetuates itself as the previous results offer new challenges and new responsibilities. This positive growth cycle not only improves oneself, but also the immediate world around you. This concept of “constant and never ending improvement” is the ultimate purpose of Choong Sil Kwan.

Traditional Pattern Definitions - Children

Chon-Ji (19 movements), Left Foot Returns, Kiap on #17
Chon-Ji means heaven and earth.

Dan-Gun (21 movements), Left Foot Returns, Kiap on # 8 & 17
Dan-Gun was the legendary founder of Korea.

Do-San (24 movements), Kiap on # 6 & 24
Do-San was the penname of Ahn Chang Ho, who believed it was very important to be sincere with other people.

Won-Hyo (28 movements), Kiap on # 12 & 28
Won-Hyo was one of the most famous Buddhist Monks.

Yul-Gok (38 movements), Left Foot Returns, Kiap on # 21 & 36
Yul-Gok is the penname of Yi I, a famous philosopher of the 16th century.

Joong-Gun (32 movements), Left Foot Returns, Kiap on # 12 & 32
Ahn Joong-Gun was a famous patriot who assassinated Japanese Resident General Hiro Bumi Ito.

Toi-Gye (37 movements), Right Foot Returns, Kiap on # 21 & 37
Toi-Gye is the penname of the famous neo-confuscianist, philosopher, and scholar, Yi Hwang.

Hwa-Rang (29 movements), Right Foot Returns, Kiap on # 14 & 25
The Hwa-Rang-do was the name of a group of men and boys who were the predecessors of modern day Tae Kwon Do.

Choong-Moo (30 movements), Left Foot Returns, Kiap on # 9 & 30
Choong-Moo was the given name of the famous Admiral Yi Soon-Sin. He invented the ironclad ships which were the predecessors of modern day submarines.

Traditional Pattern Definitions - Adults

Chon-Ji (19 movements) means literally “the Heaven the Earth”. It is, in the Orient, interpreted as the creation of the world or the beginning of human history; therefore, it is the initial pattern played by the beginner. This pattern consists of two similar parts: one to represent Heaven and the other, the Earth. Left Foot Returns, Kiap on #17

Dan-Gun (21 movements) is named after the holy Dan-Gun, the legendary founder of Korea in the year 2,333 B.C. Left Foot Returns, Kiap on # 8 & 17

Do-San (24 movements) is the pseudonym of the patriot Ahn Chang-Ho (1876-1938). The 24 movements represent his entire life which he devoted to furthering the education of Korea and its independence movement. Right Foot Returns, Kiap on # 6 & 24

Won-Hyo (28 movements) was the noted monk who introduced Buddhism to the Silla Dynasty in the year 686 A.D. Right Foot Returns, Kiap on # 12 & 28

Yul-Gok (38 movements) is the pseudonym of the great philosopher and scholar Yi I (1536-1584), nicknamed the “Confucius of Korea.” The 38 movements of this pattern refer to his birthplace on the 38th degree latitude and the diagram (+) represents “scholar.” Left Foot Returns, Kiap on # 21 & 36

Joong-Gun (32 movements) is named after the patriot Ahn Joong-Gun who assassinated Hiro-Bumi Ito, the first Japanese governor-general of Korea, known as the man who played the leading part in the Korea-Japan merger. There are 32 movements in this pattern to represent Mr. Ahn’s age when he was executed at Lui-Shang prison (1910). Left Foot Returns, Kiap on # 12 & 32

Toi-Gye (37 movements) is the pen name of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16th century), an authority on Neo-Confucianism. The 37 movements refer to his birthplace on the 37th degree latitude, the diagram represents “scholar.” Right Foot Returns, Kiap on # 21 & 37

Hwa-Rang (29 movements) is named after the Hwa-Rang youth group which originated in the Silla Dynasty in the early 7th century. The 29 movements refer to the 29th Infantry Division, where Taekwondo developed into maturity. Right Foot Returns, Kiap on # 14 & 25

Choong-Moo (30 movements) was the name given to the great Admiral Yi Soon-Sin of the Yi Dynasty. He was reputed to have invented the first armored battleship (Kobukson) in 1592, which is said to be the precursor of the present day submarine. The reason this pattern ends with a left hand attack is to symbolize his regrettable death, having no chance to show his unrestrained potentiality, checked by the forced reservation of his loyalty to the king. Left Foot Returns, Kiap on # 9 & 30

Traditional Pattern Definitions - Black Belt Patterns

1st degree Recommended
Kwang-Gae (39 movements) is named after the famous Gwang-Gae-Toh-Wang, the 19th king of the Koguryo Dynasty, who regained all the lost territories, including the greater part of Manchuria. The diagram (+) represents the expansion and recovery of lost territory. The 39 movements refer to the first two figures of 391 A.D., the year he came to the throne. Left foot returns.

1st Degree Decided
Po-Eun (36 movements) is the pseudonym of the loyal subject Chong Mong-Chu (1400) who was a famous poet, and whose poem, “I would not serve a second master though I might be crucified a hundred times” is known to every Korean. He was also a pioneer in the field of physics. The diagram (-) represents his unerring loyalty to the king and country toward the end of the Koryo Dynasty. Left foot returns.

Ge-Baek (44 movements) is named after Ge-Baek, a great general in the Baek Je Dynasty (660 A.D.). The diagram represents his severe and strict military discipline. Right foot returns.

2nd Degree Recommended
Eui-Am (45 movements) is the pseudonym of Son Byong Hi, leader of the Korean independence movement on March 1, 1919. The 45 movements refer to his age when changed the name of Dong Hak (Oriental Culture) to Chondo Kyo (Heavenly Way Religion) in 1905. The diagram (1) represents his indomitable spirit, displayed while dedicating himself to the prosperity of his nation. Right foot returns.

2nd Degree Decided
Choong-Jang (52 movements) is the pseudonym given to General Kim Duk Ryang who lived during the Yi Dynasty, 14th century. This pattern ends with a left-hand attack to symbolize the tragedy of his death at 27 in prison before he was able to reach maturity. Left foot returns.

Juche (45 movements) is a philosophical idea that man is the master of everything and decides everything, in other words, the idea that man is the master of the world and his own destiny. It is said that this idea was rooted in Baekdu Mountain which symbolizes the spirit of the Korean people. The diagram represents the Baekdu Mountain. Right foot returns.

Kodang (39 movements) is the pseudonym of Cho Man Sik, a Korean patriot and educator. The 39 movements of the pattern represent his numerous times of imprisonment and his birthplace on the 39th parallel. Left foot returns.

3rd Degree Decided
Sam-Il (33 movements) denotes the historical date of the independence movement of Korea which began throughout the country on March 1, 1919. The 33 movements in the pattern stand for the 33 patriots who planned the movement. Left foot returns.

Yoo-Sin (68 movements) is named after General Kim Soo Sin, a commanding general during the Silla Dynasty. The 68 movements refer to the last two figures of 668 A.D., the year Korea was united. The ready posture signifies a sword drawn on the right rather than left side, symbolizing Yoo Sin’s mistake of following his king’s orders to fight with foreign forces against his own nation. Right foot returns.

Choi-Yong (46 movements) is named after General Choi Yong, Premier and Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces during the 14th century Koryo Dynasty. Choi Yong was greatly respected for his loyalty, patriotism, and humility. He was executed by his subordinate commanders headed by General Yi Sung Gae, who later became the first king of the Yi dynasty. Right foot returns.

4th Degree Decided
Yon-Gae (49 movements) is named after a famous general during the Koguryo Dynasty, Yon Gae Somoon. The 49 movements refer to the last two figures of 649 A.D., the year he forced the Tang Dynasty to quit Korea after destroying nearly 300,000 of their troops at Ansi Sung. Right foot returns.

Ul-Ji (42 movements) is named after general Ul-Ji Moon Dok who successfully defended Korea against a Tang’s invasion force of nearly one million soldiers led by Yang Je in 612 A.D., Ul-Ji employing hit and run guerilla tactics, was able to decimate a large percentage of the force. The diagram represents his surname. The 42 movements represent the author’s age when he designed the pattern. Left foot returns.

MOON-MOO (61 movements) honours the 30th King of the Silla Dynasty. His body was buried near Dae Wang Am (Great King’s Rock). According to his will, the body was placed in the sea “where my soul shall forever defend my land against the Japanese.” It is said that the Sok Gul Am (Stone cave) was built to guard his tomb. The Sok Gul Am is a fine example of the culture of the Silla Dynasty. The 61 movements in this pattern symbolize the last two figures of 661 A.D. when Moon Moo came to the throne. Right foot returns.

5th Degree Decided
So-San (72 movements) is the pseudonym of the great monk Choi Hyong Ung (1520-1604) during the Lee Dynasty. The 72 movements refer to his age when he organized a corps of monk soldiers with the assistance of his pupil Sa Myunh Dang. The monk soldiers helped repulse the Japanese pirates who overran most of the Korean peninsula in 1592. Right foot returns.

Se-Jong (24 movements) is named after the greatest Korean King, Se-Jong, who invented the Korean alphabet in 1443, and was also a noted meteorologist. The diagram represents the king, while the 24 movements refer to the 24 letters of the Korean alphabet. Left foot returns.

Tong-Il (56 movements) denotes the resolution of the unification of Korea which has been divided since 1945. The diagram symbolizes the homogenous race. Right foot returns.